������������� ��Jurnal
Pendidikan Indonesia 

pISSN : 27457141 eISSN : 27461920 
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Vol. 5 No. 5 May 2024 
Effect of� Using Karuta Card on Students� Ability to Comprehend Vocabulary (Experimental
Research for the Seventh Grade at
Sabilul Mukminin Boarding
School Binjai)
Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam As � Sunnah
Email: [email protected]
RESEARCH
INFO 
ABSTRACK 

The
research question is: Is there an effect of using the Karuta
card on students� ability in the seventh grade at the Sabilul
Mukminin Binjai Boarding
School to comprehend vocabulary? Its purpose is to know the effect of using
the Karuta card on students� ability in the seventh
grade at the Sabilul Mukminin
Binjai Boarding School to comprehend vocabulary,
especially to pronounce its letters correctly. The method used is
quantitative field research of the experimental type, and the method used is
a statistical method using SPSS 25 and a ttest. The result of this research
is that the use of the Karuta card does not affect
students� ability in the seventh grade at the Sabilul
Mukminin Binjai Boarding
School to pronounce vocabulary correctly, and the author infers this from the
results of the female students on the test in the experimental class and the
control class. The average score for vocabulary comprehension in the control
class was 72.68, which is higher than the average score for vocabulary
comprehension in the experimental class, which was 64.85. From these two
rates, t0 is found at 1,252 It is lower than ttable
(2,026). Therefore, the null hypothesis is accepted, and the alternative
hypothesis is rejected, meaning that the use of the Karuta
card does not affect the ability of the female students of the seventh
intermediate semester at the Sabeel AlMuminin Benjay Institute to comprehend vocabulary, especially in
pronouncing its letters correctly. 
Kata kunci: Karuta, Card, Vocabulary 
INTRODUCTION
The Arabic language has a religious and worldly status. As for its
religious status, it is the language of the Qur�an and Hadith. As for its
worldly status, it is one of the official languages of the United Nations and
has a high status in civilization. This can be seen from the large number of
books translated and written in Arabic, especially during the Abbasid era.
People around the world began to speak many Arabic vocabulary and it became
part of their languages. One of the countries most influenced by the Arabic
language is Indonesia, where this language was introduced with the advent of
Islam many centuries ago. It later became a second language that students
acquired during the education process in schools and institutes.
Education is �a process that aims to bring about change in the behavior of
living beings,�� especially students. The
change in teaching the Arabic language occurs in linguistic behavior, whereby
students can receive the Arabic language by listening and reading and produce
it by speaking and writing. These skills are called the four language skills.
But these skills can only be built with the three elements of the language,
including vocabulary, as it is an essential component of the language.
Before the teacher begins teaching vocabulary, the learning objectives must
be set so that the teaching is focused and clear. It indicates the behavior of
the students that needs to be changed. It clarifies which method or means the
teacher uses to achieve these goals. One of the goals of teaching vocabulary,
for example, is for students to be able to pronounce its letters correctly.
Because students often mispronounce some letters because they do not exist in
their mother tongue. Thus, the meaning of the word changed and the speech
became incomprehensible.
Among those facing this problem are the female students of the seventh
intermediate semester at the Sabeel AlMuminin Benjai Institute. After
observation and interview with the Arabic language teacher for this semester,
it became clear that teaching the Arabic language focuses on understanding
vocabulary. The goals of teaching vocabulary were for students to be able to
pronounce the letters correctly, understand their meanings, and write them
correctly. Female students study the Arabic book for juniors, volume one. The
method used to achieve these goals was for the school to write the vocabulary
words on the blackboard and then read them to the students, who then read them.
After the reading is completed, the students write the vocabulary words and
their meanings in the books and memorize them to present them in front of the
school one by one in the next meeting. The school explains the meanings of
vocabulary through the pictures in the book or by translating them if there are
no pictures in it to clarify their meaning. However, when the vocabulary was
presented, the school saw that the students did not pronounce some letters
correctly due to urgency. The students used to pronounce the letter �غ�
in the word �غطاء� as the letter � g � and
the letter �ظ� in the word �مظلة�
as the letter �ز.� Therefore, the first
goal was not achieved. The reason is that the number of female students is
large, 45 female students, and the time allotted by the school for application
is not sufficient. Among them are those who did not know the Arabic language
before, whether from the Qur�an or anything else. The other reason is that they
speak multiple dialects other than Arabic dialects, so they do not care about
stressed or elongated letters. Lack of attention to pronunciation of vocabulary
may cause another problem, which is spelling errors. Therefore, this basic
problem must be addressed by paying more attention to the pronunciation of
vocabulary.
Another way to make it easier for students to understand vocabulary without
introducing it is by using Karuta. Ogawa and Tsuchiya mentioned that Karuta is
a famous ancient Japanese card game that children usually play at home or
school to gain basic knowledge. Children love to use the game in education.
Karuta is used In kindergarten and elementary school in Japan as a means of
teaching basic katakana, hiragana, and kanji characters. It is also used in
teaching foreign languages such as English. Transfer of birthright from
Nishigaki N ishigaki That use Karuta It gives an excellent result in teaching
English vocabulary. Transfer of awareness to Karuta game Effective in
mentioning Japanese vocabulary. Quoted from Taynton and Yamada to Karuta It is
used as an educational method in the primary, middle, and secondary levels in
Japan.
The researchers investigated the effect of using educational means in
comprehending vocabulary, such as researching the effect of using pictures and
drawings on comprehending vocabulary among female students in the first
intermediate semester at the Mutiyari Alam Kesaran Tahfiz Institute, Um
AlHabibah, a graduate of the Islamic Sunnah University in the year 2021 AD.
The result is that there is an effect of using pictures and drawings on
vocabulary comprehension, given the result of t 0 2.26, which is higher than
the result of t table, which is 2.05. he other investigated the effect of using
karuta on comprehending Japanese vocabulary, such as researching the effect of
using the dokoni karuta game on comprehending Japanese vocabulary, in the sixth
chapter, the book Nihongo Kira Kira, among firstsemester students in public
secondary school 1 Puri Mojokerto, academic year 2017/2018, written by Siti
Nour Afifa. Orib Zain Al Fanani is a student at the Faculty of Language and
Literature, at Surabaya State University. The result is that there is an effect
of using the dokoni karuta game on the comprehension of Japanese vocabulary,
given the result of the 2tailed sig. 0.009 which is lower than 0.05. However
the research did not find the effect of using karuta on the comprehension of
Arabic vocabulary, so the author wanted to research the effect of Using Karuta
to teach Arabic vocabulary. Please help the students understand the vocabulary,
especially in pronouncing its letters correctly, because it is the first goal in
teaching vocabulary. Therefore, the topic of this research is � The effect of
using the Karuta card on students� ability to comprehend vocabulary.�
RESEARCH METHODS
The methodology of this research is quantitative field research using the
experimental method. The experimental design used in this research is the True
Experimental Design. The population of this research is all 45 female students
in the seventh grade at the Sabeel AlMuminin Benjay Institute. The reason for
choosing the seventh grade is because it is the first step that students go
through in school. Treatment is the prevention of problems that may appear
later. The research sample is taken using a simple random sampling method The
sample size is determined as 39 female students by looking at Isaac and
Michal�s table, where 39 individuals are taken from 45 female students with an
error standard of 10%. The sample is divided into two parts: 20 female students
in the experimental class and 19 female students in the control class. �A
research instrument is a means by which the researcher collects his data.� The
tool for this research is the test because the analyzed data is the students�
results in understanding vocabulary. �The test is a practical, applied
situation in which students are placed to reveal the knowledge, information,
concepts, ideas, and behavioral performances that they have acquired during
their learning of a subject or skill in a specific period.� Evaluation of the
test in the experimental class and the control class after the use of the
karuta card had been tried out in the experimental class. Validity is the
criterion for the success of a research tool in measuring something. There are
two types: internal honesty and external honesty. Internal validity is divided
into two parts: content validity and construct validity. A test is said to be
content valid if it measures students' ability to comprehend vocabulary
exactly. He knows his honesty in a logical way, which is by reading the tool to
know that the question items have included the material required to be
understood.
Then it is followed by an empirical method, which is either by analyzing
the factor analysis or by analyzing the items. In this research, item analysis
was used, which is searching for the relationship between the result of the
question and the total result using the statistics symbol product moment in
SPSS Because the question is in the form of a continuum, which means that the
result ranges from zero to a specific number other than one. A test is said to
be constructively valid if its form is appropriate to measure students� ability
to comprehend vocabulary. To verify the validity of the construct, the test is
presented to specialists in this field. A test is said to be externally valid
if its result does not significantly differ from the result of the standard
test. Its validity is determined by comparing their results using the product
moment.
Reliability is when a research tool gives the same results or close results
if it is applied to a sample more than once under similar conditions. To verify
its stability, internal consistency was used, so the test was given once with
one instrument. Then I analyzed the test result with the alpha symbol Cronbach
because the question is in continuum form, which means that the result ranges
between 010, 0100, 13, 15, or 110. SPSS 25 was used to analyze the
results. If the result is r_kk≥ 0.70, the search tool is fixed.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The data in this research were the results of the female students in the
control class and the experimental class in the posttest. The following figure
indicates the average of both classes in the posttest. From this table, it is
seen that the control dismissal rate is 72.68, which is higher than the
experimental dismissal rate (64.85), and the difference between the two rates
is 7.83.
After completing the data collection, A entered the data into SPSS 25 For
the standardized exam and the homogeneous exam. For a standardized test, the
Skewness and Kurtosis scores are taken into a descriptive table and the
statistics score is then divided by the error criterion for both scores. If the
result falls between 2 and 2, the data is standardized, otherwise the data is
nonstandardized. The following table is a summary of what was mentioned
before.
Table 1. Standardized exam
results
From this table, it is known that the result of dividing the statistical
score by the error standard all falls between 2 and 2, so the data is
standard. As for the homogeneity test, I used One Way ANOVA and found the
results as shown in the table.
Table 2. Homogeneity test results
Test of Homogeneity of Variance

Levene
Statistic 
df1 
df2 
Sig. 

MUFRADAT
LEARNING OUTCOMES 
Based on
Meaning 
.014 
1 
37 
.906 
Based on
Median 
.291 
1 
37 
.593 

Based on
the Median and with adjusted df 
.291 
1 
30.887 
.593 

Based on
the trimmed meaning 
.045 
1 
37 
.834 
Sees data smoothing
of sig by rate. If the sig is higher than 0.05, the data is homogeneous,
otherwise the data is heterogeneous. From the previous table, the sig was found
to be higher than 0.05, which is 0.906, so the data is homogeneous. After the
analysis condition has been tested and it is known that the data are standard
and homogeneous, the next step is to analyze the data with a ttest to
determine the effect of using karuta on the student�s
ability to comprehend vocabulary. Before searching for the effect, the
relationship between the two variables was examined using the product moment
symbol in SPSS 25. Then the alternative hypothesis and the null hypothesis were
established as follows:
Ha: The relationship exists between teaching
vocabulary using karuta and without using it
Ho: There is no relationship between teaching
vocabulary using karuta and without using it
Table
2. Product Moment results
Correlations 


CONTROL 
EXPERIMENT 

CONTROL 
Pearson Correlation 
1 
.239 
Sig. (2tailed) 

.324 

N 
19 
19 

EXPERIMENT 
Pearson Correlation 
.239 
1 
Sig. (2tailed) 
.324 


N 
19 
20 
Descriptive
statistics

Mean 
Std. Deviation 
N 
CONTROL 
72.68 
19.497 
19 
EXPERIMENT 
64.85 
19.575 
20 
�����������
Descriptive statistics
The relationship is seen from the result of sig. If
sig is higher than 0.05, then the null hypothesis is accepted, and if sig is lower
than 0.05, then the alternative hypothesis is accepted. From the Correlations
table, it is known that the sig is 0.324, which is higher than 0.05, so H o is
acceptable and H a is rejected, meaning there is no relationship between
teaching vocabulary using karuta And
without using it. After finding the result, evaluate the research on the effect
of using karuta on students' ability to comprehend
vocabulary using a ttest and the code is as follows:
Explanation:
�������������������� =
ttest
������ ����������� = Average from the experimental class
������ ����������� = Average from the control class
�������� = Giving the
scale on average from the experimental and control classes
The steps for analyzing data with a ttest are as follows:
1. Find the variable rate x. Here is the result of the controlled
separation with a symbol:
2. Find the variable rate Y Here is the result of the experimental class
with code:
3. Find the standard deviation of a variable x (SD 1 )
This was found in the previous descriptive statistic table and is 19,497.
4. Find the standard deviation Y (SD 2 ) This was
found in the previous descriptive statistic table, which is 19,575.
5. Find the standard error of the variable x with code:
6. Find the standard error of the variable Y With code:
7. Find the standard error difference between variable rate X and variable
rate Y with code:
8. Search for a result to� with code:
9. Interpretation of the t_{o} result� by setting the
alternative hypothesis and the null hypothesis:
H_{a} ����������� :
There is a significant difference between variable rate x and variable rate y
H_{o} ����������� :
No significant difference between variable rate x and variable rate y
10. Compare the result of t_{o} with t tabel. The degree of sig is 5% or 1%. If t_{o} is higher than t tabel,
then the null hypothesis is rejected and the alternative hypothesis is
accepted, and if t_{o} is lower than t tabel,
then the null hypothesis is accepted and the alternative hypothesis is
rejected. The result of the t tabel from the t table
after setting the degree of freedom is known as df =
(N 1 + N 2)  2. From the t table, you know that the t tabel
result is 2,026 at the 5% importance level, and this is higher than the t_{o} result, which is 1,252. Therefore, the null
hypothesis is accepted, and the alternative hypothesis is rejected, meaning
that there is no significant difference between the rate of variable x and the
rate of variable y. After analyzing the data, which is the result of the
control chapter as a variable X and the result of the experimental chapter as a
variable Y and comparing the rate between them, it was found that the rate of
the control chapter, which is the class in which karuta
is not used, is higher than the rate of the result of the experimental chapter,
which is the chapter in which karuta is used, as seen
in the following table:
Table 3. Summary of the difference between the control and experimental
separation
rates
It is seen from the ttest result that t o
(1,252) is lower than t tabel (2,026). Therefore, the
null hypothesis is accepted, and the alternative hypothesis is rejected,
meaning that there is no significant difference between the rate of variable x
and the rate of variable y . This means that the use
of karuta does not affect students� ability to
comprehend Arabic vocabulary, especially its pronunciation .
CONCLUSION
After conducting the experiment in the seventh intermediate grade at
the Sabil alMuminin Benjai
Institute, where karuta was used in the experimental
class and karuta was not used in the control class,
and conducting the posttest in both classes, the data was found and analyzed.
It is seen from the results of the ttest that t o
(1,252) is lower than t tabel (2,026). Therefore, the
conclusion was drawn that karuta does not affect the
students� ability to comprehend vocabulary, especially its pronunciation, and
that it is not appropriate to be used as an educational means for this
educational goal. From the mentioned search result, there are some suggestions
that please pay attention to them, which are as follows: The school should use
diverse and appropriate teaching methods and means of education other than karuta To attract students�
interest in understanding vocabulary, especially in pronouncing its letters, so
that they will want to study and not get bored of it. The results of the
research indicated that karuta does not affect the
students� ability to comprehend Arabic vocabulary, especially in pronouncing
its letters. This contradicts the aforementioned theories,
as karuta affects students� ability to comprehend
vocabulary. For the various things, the writer was unable to search for reasons
for their lack of effect. Other researchers may research and analyze it,
because the door is open in this field. The difference between t tabel and to 0.0774. This means that there are other
factors that affect students� ability to comprehend vocabulary
. These factors cannot be discussed in this research. Other researchers
may research and analyze it, because the door to discussion and research is
open.
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authors. It was submitted for possible openaccess publication under the
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